Friday, April 20, 2018

Some Photos from Astana, Kazakhstan - Clicked in July, 2017

I am not a Professional Photographer. I am just like any other ordinary person who likes to click anything interesting that comes on the way. While walking on the river side (on the river bank of ISIL/ESHIM River in Astana on the right bank), I clicked above photos by using my very old iPhone 4. All the photos were clicked on a single day, I guess in the month of July, 2017. And, I am yet to figure out how to correctly pronounce/write the name of the River. Is it an ESHIL River, or is it ESHIM River?

So far as I remember now, the day must have been warm, not very hot and Sunny, with mild pleasing breeze.

1. The first photo shows three top buildings of Astana which are collectively called "Grand Alatau". They look cool from a far distance. From close distance, I did not like them in terms of modernity, they are little old now.

I usually go around these buildings as it houses a bicycle shop (but not very helpful one as it refused to refill my tyres with its airpump and in another occassions, it overcharged me for some bicycle oil. Therefter, I stopped going there.), the famous O'hara Irish Pub (Where I have never been to), many cafes and restaurants including Rumi-Plov Center (Rumi is highly overrated Plov Center. I have been to there many different branches and they have not been able to impress me.). The area around it is good for walking, bicycling though bicycling on the river bank is not allowed anymore.


In the above photo, you see the pavement along the river, river ISHIL/ESHIM, and in the far distance, Hotel Radisson and the building adjoining it which houses Fitness Center and Gym "World Class Fitness". The Building is also called Business Center Arman on Saryarka Street.


Pedestrian Zone on the right bank of River ISHIL/ESHIM - it's truly a pedestrian area. You can see many people during the summer freely walking here. Many mothers with young children and with their trollies/prams/buggies are easily spotted. You could ride bicycle here until 2015 but from 2016 Summer, it has been off-limit for the bicycle users. During the Summer, you will see few traffic police here to manage the crowds and especially to warn and stop bicycle users.



The area is same as above. It's the other side. You can see the Kazakh Flag which is in Central Park, the new hotel (I think it is call St. Regis) and the bridge which connects Samal Micro-district to Kabanbai Batir Street.


The round structure is for water fountain and light show.




Kazakh's traditional musical instrument is "Dambra/Dombra" but it does not look like it.

The photos and commentaries above are nothing special as you may have noticed by now. They are just normal ramblings of a foreigner who calls this city as his home until he flies again. Feel free to suggest, comment, propose ideas if you have any.

Sunday, March 26, 2017

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II - IELTS Writing-Band 7.0 Essay-CEFR C1

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual well-being. What factors contribute to job satisfaction? How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers?

Give reasons for your answer and give any relevant example or experience you have to support your answer.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer

It is a human tendency that everyone wants to get an excellent employment mostly after completing their university and college and looks for such job which can provide financial security and happiness in life. Therefore, job satisfaction, which can be derived based on person’s likeness and earnings, is an important element of any work.

First of all, if a person is to like any work, the job needs to have several characteristics such as good salary and bonuses, sufficient hours for rest, healthy workplace and environment, job security and involvement of light physical activities. Ideally, the job should have a scope of work where an employee is given freedom of execution. Importantly, such jobs should also commensurate the monthly payouts to give satisfaction to its holders.

With respect to the issue of satisfactory jobs to all employees, it is unlikely that everyone becomes happy with the work he gets. It is important to note that we don’t live and work in an ideal work. The unemployment rate is so high around the world that a well qualified person may have to engage in a work which cannot provide any real satisfaction. However, given the situation, the person may not have any other possibility except to accept such employment. For example, many mine workers are unlikely to enjoy their work in deep, dark and dusty quarry but circumstances are such that they end up working there all their lives. Similar would be the case of many international students working in a café or in a bar to cover their tuition fees.


To sum up, many factors such as good salary and safe work environment contribute to job satisfaction. People would definitely choose a workplace where they enjoy working. However, it is not always possible to provide ideal job to everyone. So, many men and women are compelled to do any work to support their families despite the lack of job satisfaction. 

Friday, March 24, 2017

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II - IELTS Essay-Academic Writing Task-II: CEFR Band C1-Band 7 IELTS Essay

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Some people think that history as a subject at school is not useful and should be replaced with a more practical subject. Why do you think it is important to learn about history? What would be the effect if children were not taught history?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant example from your knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

Across the world, there is no dearth of people who consider that teaching history at educational institution is unproductive and is a waste of resources. The people who advocate such ideas are of the opinion that schools and colleges should impart education on such subjects which have more practical use. Nevertheless, my opinion on the subject is that we must teach history to our children. Therefore, we cannot do away with this subject.

First of all, history helps us to find our roots and connects us with our past which will be very helpful to young learners to shape their views of the modern world. If history is not taught in our schools and universities, people will not get any opportunity to view the contemporary world with the help of past events. In some cases, not teaching history can actually lead to a situation where students fail to fully comprehend the happenings around them. For example, why a country needs a strong army could possibly be best explained on the basis of historical facts and figures. Therefore, study of historical events is very significant from the viewpoint of understanding modern world.

In addition to it, if history subject is replaced with another course, students may be burdened with unnecessary knowledge in another subject. The likely consequences of it could range from lack of interests among students to defective education systems. When students who have not studied history go to work in international forums, they may face several challenges. For example, without learning world history, no one can be expected to be able to work smoothly in the UN.

To sum up, modern schools should not think of removing history subject from their curriculum. Any such move is likely to have unintended consequences such as lack of interests among students in their course of study.

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II - IELTS Essay-Academic Task II-CEFR C1-IELTS Band 7.0

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Some people say children use technology too much these days. Others believe that using technology now will help them in the future. Discuss both these views and give your opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant example from your knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Many people seem to have a common opinion when it comes to use of technology by young people. There are arguments in support of it and against it as there are equally overwhelming number of people on either side of the argument. In my opinion, children should be allowed to make use of technology on daily life as it helps them to be creative in a long run.

First of all, many parents are worried that children are not focusing on their study but are busy in browsing internet or in games on mobiles and tablets. It cannot be denied that excessive use of technology can affect their studies. For example, a child who plays a lot on his mobile or on tablet is likely to miss deadline for his homework and assignments. If such situations continue, it is a matter to worry as it can have negative consequences.

On the other hand, there are many guardians who give their children the liberty to make use of modern technology. Such parents encourage children to utilize technology not only for play and fun but also in studies. Sometimes, parents take their time out and assist their sons and daughters to find out new educational programs and websites. Such parents hold the view that the technology is very important to succeed in the future and their children need to have necessary skill and experience for their prosperous future. My parents, for example, always allow and encourage my brother to search for new mobile applications, which help him to write better English composition.


To sum up, though there are parents with different approach to technological advances, it is my view that technology is going to be an integral part of our life and of future generation. Therefore, it is recommended that parents guide their children to make effective use of modern technologies in their daily activities.

Thursday, March 23, 2017

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II - IELTS Essay Band 6.5-CEFR Level B2

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Crime rates tend to be higher in cities than in smaller towns. Explain some possible reasons for this problem and suggest some solutions.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant example from your knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer

Our cities are overcrowded with people from different backgrounds and provide an opportunity for people with all intentions. One of the impacts of high population in cities can be seen in the rates of crimes. In my view, we can safely state that the high costs of living and the lack of proper law and order in the cities are the main causes of crimes in the big towns.

First of all, villages are small and very few people live there these days. The daily requirement of material things in the countryside is also very low. The costs of living such as rent, costs of transportation are much less in village than in cities. I think this explains why fewer crimes are committed in the villages.

On the other hand, people settle down in cities with a lot of hopes and ambitions. They have to struggle daily to meet the basic needs of their families. This means that there will be high financial burden on the people. To meet such challenges, people resort to financial crimes, for instance, corruption, bribery, theft, and robbery in villages. To solve such problems, government needs to enhance the police administration, install cameras on the streets and with the offices. Such measures are likely to help to reduce these crimes to certain extent.

Another reason of people mainly youth committing crime is lack of moral principle due to the reason that they are far from their parents and families. Many youths come to city and live alone. They are likely to meet some anti-social elements such as drug dealers, and smugglers. Young minds are likely to be attracted to such crimes to quickly be rich and powerful. This problem can be solved by constant moral counseling.


To sum up, the pressure of cost of living, and tendency to be affluent in short time induces people to commit crimes in cities and the solutions to tackle them could be the strengthening of law and order situation.

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II - IELTS Essay Band 7.0 - CEFR B2-C1

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

In some countries, governments are encouraging people to use their cars less and to take public transport instead. Do the advantages of this trend outweigh the disadvantages?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant example from your knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer

There are many government initiatives across the world to control the environmental pollution and one of such initiatives is promotion of public transportation. In my opinion, such efforts do not have many advantages and in fact, its shortcomings are much more than few benefits that we may have.

First of all, the advantages of encouraging the use of public transportation are less consumption of fossil fuels and congestion on the road. However, these positives consequences are negligible if a comparison is made between merits and demerits of public transportation. If people stop using their cars and taxis, then, there will be enormous pressure on the government to provide public transportations such as buses, metros and trams. This will certainly put a financial pressure on the government. There is a possibility that the government may be compelled to allocate fewer budgets on health and education, and more on transportation segment. Such scenario will have serious and deleterious consequences.

Another serious outcome of not using cars is that workers have to get up early, and leave home much early in the morning to catch the suitable means of transport to reach the office on time. This will disturb the normal day of every human resources. Since public vehicles will stop at multiple locations before reaching one’s destination, a lot of man hours are wasted while commuting from home and from work. Similar would be the case when an employee returns from work in the evening. Since the travelling with many large crowds creates fatigue, the quality of works also gets affected due to it.


In my conclusion, I would like to state that any benefit that may accrue from the use of public transportation is likely to be insignificant as the disadvantages are too many to neglect. 

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II - IELTS Band 6 Essay-CEFR Level B1-B2

IELTS Academic Writing Task - II

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Many children these days have an unhealthy lifestyle. Both schools and parents are equally responsible for solving this problem.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant example from your knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer

We cannot deny the fact that many school going children these days eat unhygienic food. In my opinion, the problem is caused mainly by lack of attendance at home and in school. Therefore, I agree that the family as well as the school administration should share the blame and do to improve the situation.

First of all, it is the responsibility of our family to teach the importance of healthy and hygienic food to their sons and daughters from their childhood. Every child should be made aware of the positive and negative consequences of eating good and bad food. In addition to it, parents should find time to prepare and provide nutritious food to their kin and kith. At present, the parents do not have enough time to spend with their children. Because of the heavy workload or being out of the home most of the time, parents are unable to cook and feed healthy dishes to their children. This has created havoc in the health of child.

On the other hand, school administration should step in such situations to avoid the problem. Since many young boys and girls spend a lot of time at school, health education should be made part of their curriculum. The teachers can closely observe the students and will be able to identify the children at risks due to unhealthy eating habits. Schools, for instance, can create a concept of mid-day meals, and provide healthy and nutritious diet to their students. In my opinion, by doing so, schools will help to resolve the problem to certain extent.


To sum up, I would like to restate my opinion by emphasizing the fact that both family and learning centers should play its part to mitigate the damage caused by unhealthy food consumption.